Iridium, Ir

Iridium is a chemical element that has the symbol Ir and atomic number 77. A dense, very hard, brittle, silvery-white transition metal of the platinum family, iridium is used in high-strength alloys that can withstand high temperatures and occurs in natural alloys with platinum or osmium. Iridium is notable for being the most corrosion-resistant element known and for its significance in the determination of the probable cause of the extinction, by a meteorite strike, of the dinosaurs. It is used in high-temperature apparatuses, electrical contacts, and as a hardening agent for platinum.

A platinum group metal, iridium is white, resembling platinum, but with a slight yellowish cast. Due to its extreme hardness and brittleness, iridium is difficult to machine, form, or work. It is the most corrosion-resistant metal known: iridium cannot be attacked by any acids or by aqua regia, but it can be attacked by molten salts, such as NaCl and NaCN.

The measured density of iridium is only slightly lower than that of osmium, which is often listed as the densest element known. However, calculations of density from the space lattice may produce more reliable data for these elements than actual measurements and give a density of 22,650 kg/m³ for iridium versus 22,610 kg/m³ for osmium. Definitive selection between the two is therefore not possible at this time.

Technical Data
Symbol Ir Density (20°C)/gcm-3 22.61
Atomic number 77 Melting point /°C 2443
No. of naturally occurring isotopes 2 Boiling point/°C 4550(+/-100)
Atomic weight 192.22(+/-0.03) ΔHfus/kJmol-1 26.4
Electronic configuration [Xe]4f145d76s2 ΔHvap/kJmol-1 612(+/-13)
Effective ionic radius/pm V 57 ΔHf(monoatomic gas/kJmol-1 669(+/-8)
Effective ionic radius/pm IV 62.5 Electronegativity χ 2.2
Effective ionic radius/pm III 68 Ionization energy/kJmol-1 I 880
Effective ionic radius/pm FI - Ionization energy/kJmol-1 II 1680
Electrical resistivity (20°C)/μohm cm 4.71 Ionization energy/kJmol-1 III 2600
Evaporation Techniques
Temperature (oC) @Vap. Pressure Techniques Remarks
10-8 Torr 10-6 Torr 10-4 Torr Electron Beam Crucible Coil Boat
1850 2080 2380 Fair ThO2 - -  

Evaporation Materials
I3-5000-M Ingot (Please ask for sizes)
I3-5002-M pellets 6mm diameter x 6mm long
I3-5003-M shot 3mm
I3-5005-M pellets 1-2mm diameter x 3-5mm ling

The foils are available in either rectangular or circular shape. Please enter width and length or diameter of the required foil.

Foil
I3-3001-F 0.004" (0.1mm)
I3-3005-F 0.008" (0.2mm)
Powder
I3-10000-P -100 mesh
I3-10001-P -325 mesh
I3-10004-P -200 mesh
Rods
I3-2000-R 0.0625" (1.58mm)
I3-2001-R 0.125" (3.175mm)
I3-2002-R 0.250" (6.35mm)
I3-2003-R 0.500" (12.7mm)
I3-2004-R 0.625" (15.88mm)
I3-2005-R 0.750" (19.05mm)
I3-2006-R 1" (25.4mm)
Sheet
I3-4002-S 0.020" (0.5mm)
I3-4003-S 0.030" (0.76mm)
I3-4004-S 0.040" (1mm)
I3-4006-S 0.060" (1.5mm)
I3-4008-S 0.125" (3.175mm)
I3-4009-S 0.250" (6.35mm)
Wire
I3-1001-W 0.004" (0.1mm)
I3-1007-W 0.010" (0.254mm)
I3-1009-W 0.020" (0.5mm)
I3-1011-W 0.040" (1.0mm)
I3-1012-W 0.050" (1.27mm)
I3-1013-W 0.060" (1.524mm)
I3-1014-W 0.070" (1.778mm)
I3-1015-W 0.080" (2.0mm)